Dear Deborah

0 comments Posted on April 27, 2012

Expert Financial Advice

Dear Deborah,

My employer is planning on ending its defined benefit program soon and switching to a defined contribution program. I’m apprehensive about being responsible for my own investments. I saw family members lose money in Internet stocks and other investments and I want to avoid that. What should I be aware of when making investment decisions?

You can sleep better at night if you don’t have your emotions driving your investment decisions. By having a sound plan, you can ignore the fads, stop following the herds of investors, and stop trying to beat the market. Just focus on your long-term investment goal.

Find out about your options in your employer-sponsored retirement plan. To get the right mix of investments, you’ll want to talk about your options with your employer’s financial advisor. Consider your risk profile when investing.

Aim for a diversified balanced portfolio. Diversifying doesn’t necessarily mean owning a dozen or more funds. Holding a total stock market index fund and a total bond market index fund provides diversification. Or holding a target retirement fund—which is a mixture of balanced (stocks and bonds) mutual funds—helps reduce risk.

Look for low-cost index funds. “Indexing wins whether markets are efficient or inefficient,” says John Bogle, Vanguard founder (Money). Investment fees can make a big difference over time, so keep them as low as you can.

Asset allocation is important, but it shouldn’t be your only concern.

Your asset location is also important. That is, investments you have in tax-deferred accounts and taxable accounts. Don’t put all your investments in tax-deferred accounts.

It’s likely that taxes will be higher in the future.

Copyright 2012 Deborah Nayrocker. All rights reserved. Permission to reprint required.

Deborah Nayrocker writes on personal money management topics, showing others how to take control of their financial future. An award-winning writer, she is a guest contributor with and a finance columnist with

Deborah is the author of The Art of Debt-Free Living and the Bible study Living a Balanced Financial Life. Her Web site is

If you have a financially-related question that you would like to ask Deborah, click here.


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